The Romanian socio-political and scientific environment in which the Association of Scientists was formed
INTEGRATION OF ASR INTO THE ACADEMY OF THE ROMANIAN PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC (1948-1956)
By Presidential Decree no. 76 for the transformation of the Romanian Academy into the Academy of the Romanian People’s Republic, published in the Official Gazette no. 132 bis / June 9, 1948, the Romanian Academy of Sciences was integrated into the Academy of the Romanian People’s Republic, all its movable and immovable property being included in .
The last existing document in the file of the Romanian Academy of Sciences in the National Archives is Decision no. 1432/19 October 1956 by which the Supreme Court of the RPR rejected the appeal of the Romanian Academy to the Civil Decision no. 458/1936 filed January 18, 1939.
The Romanian socio-political and scientific environment in which the Romanian Association of Scientists was formed
The proclamation of the Romanian People’s Republic on December 30, 1947, the nationalization of the main industrial, mining, banking, insurance and transport enterprises on June 11, 1948, the education reform of all grades laid the foundations for profound transformations in the economic, social and political structure of our country.
Following the transformation of the Romanian Academy into the Academy of the Romanian People’s Republic in 1948 (source: Monitorul Oficial), between 1949-1968, the societies and scientific associations of teachers, doctors, engineers and architects adopted new statutes of organization and functioning. By art. 7 of the CC Decision of the PMR and the Council of Ministers of 1951 (source: State Publishing House for Scientific Literature), the Ministry of Public Instruction was given the task of “taking the necessary measures to strengthen scientific societies.”
Between 1952 and 1972, the activity of scientific societies and associations was subsidized from the funds of the Ministry of Education, and since 1974, in accordance with the provisions of HCM no. 425/15 May 1973, scientific societies and associations have taken measures to self-finance the activity from their own funds. from the collection of dues and from the profits made from the sale of publications.