ACADEMY OF ROMANIAN SCIENTISTS (AOSR) – 1996
At the first congress of AOS organised to celebrate 40 years since the Association of Romanian Scientists was established, with the topic „Science at the End of the Millennium”, General Professor Dr. Vasile Cândea, PhD. proposed the return of the institution to the appellation it had between 1935-1948, namely that of „ACADEMY”, while preserving certain elements of the title of the association, and thus the designation became „Academy of Romanian Scientists”, hereinafter abbreviated AOSR.
The adoption of the name of „Academy of Romanian Scientists (AOSR)” was approved by the General Assembly of AOSR of 22-24 May 1996, held under the title „First Congress of AOSR” in the Parliament House, and in the presence of many members of the Romanian Academy (Eugen Simion, Vice President of the Romanian Academy, Marius Sabin Peculea, General Secretary of the Romanian Academy, N.N. Constantinescu, former General Secretary of the Romanian Academy between 1990-1994, Alexandru Balaci, Mihnea Gheorghiu, President of the Section “Arts, Architecture and Audiovisual” of the Romanian Academy, Nicolae Cajal, President of the Section “Medical Sciences” of the Romanian Academy, Cristofor Simionescu, Vasile Stănescu, Toma Dordea, Constantin Bălăceanu-Stolnici, Gabriel Ţepelea, Răzvan Teodorescu, Dorel Zugrăvescu), of prominent members of AOSR (Dan Amedeo Lăzărescu, Corneliu Coposu) and 40 scientists from abroad. Mr. Eugen Simion, Vice President of the Romanian Academy at that time, participated as member of the presidium general assembly. None of the attendees objected the proposal of debating the change of the name, and the decision was unanimously adopted.
The Academy of Romanian Scientists is the successor and only heir of the Academy of Sciences of Romania (1936-1948) and of the Association of Romanian Scientists, founded by HCM no.1012 / 30 May 1956, and which in 1996 changed its name from Association of Romanian Scientists in Academy of Romanian Scientists (court order of 3 October 1996, adopted by the Bucharest District 1 Court, File 231 / P.J. / 1996).
The Academy of Romanian Scientists functioned as an NGO until the promulgation of Law No. 31-2007 when it became a public institution. The draft law of the Academy of Romanian Scientists, initiated by General (r) Professor Dr. Vasile CÂNDEA and Senator Ion BASGAN (endorsed by of the presidium of the Romanian Academy, and by President Ionel Haiduc, with the specification that the newly created institution was to bear the name of „Academy of Romanian Scientists”, and the title be translated in English as „Academy of Romanian Scientists”) was argued before the Romanian Parliament and approved almost unanimously in both the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The law was submitted for promulgation to the President of Romania, and entered into force on January 15, 2007 (Law 31/15 January 2007, published in the Official Gazette no. 35 of 18 January 2007).
AOSR held its Second Congress (27 to 29 September 1998) in Bucharest – „Development at the Dawn of the Third Millennium” –, its Third Congress (1-4 June 2004) in Constanta – „Water – Miracle” -, its Fourth Congress (15 to 17 October 2009) in Timisoara – „Quality of Life” -, and its Fifth Congress (30 to 31 May 2013) in Bucharest – „Earth – Our Home”.
Being elected President of the Academy, General Professor Dr. Vasile Cândea together with the members of the Managing Board assessed the members on the basis of selective scientific, domestic and international criteria. In this regard, in 2003, the number of full members was reduced from about 4,500 to 312, the list of the members being communicated to the Ministry of Education and Research, although at that time the Academy had an NGO status. Their number was subsequently reduced to about 100, on the basis of internationally recognised scientific visibility.
The Academy of Romanian Scientists is a national forum of scientific consecration, which brings together leading representatives of science. The main goals of AOSR are to promote, develop, support, and protect science in all its forms, through actions and methods, be they direct, indirect or adjacent. The main objectives of AOSR are:
- To promote at national level interdisciplinary research in natural, engineering, and applied sciences, as well as medical disciplines, etc. The annual organisation of two national interdisciplinary conferences.
- To initiate international contacts by creating links with academic bodies, research and higher education institutions from abroad, and also with Romanian scientists from abroad and foreign scholars.
- To develop an adequate framework where scientists from different fields might meet, thereby contributing, through information, to the creation of interdisciplinary teams with a view to solving complex issues.
- To promote young researchers, by supporting their participation in scientific events in the country and abroad, and by supporting them in obtaining scholarships, etc.
- To pen, on a contractual basis, through specialised structures, scientific research papers, to participate in governmental and nongovernmental scientific research programmes, to prepare reviews, bibliographic references and summaries.
- To provide annual awards to the best books published in various fields of science and culture.
The structure of AOSR comprises 13 specialised scientific sections and eight branches located in university towns or other cities with significant scientific potential: Bucharest – headquarters -, Braşov, Cluj-Napoca, Constanţa, Iaşi, Piatra-Neamţ, Târgovişte, Timişoara, and one branch in New York (USA).
AOSR has a Publishing House and a Library and under its aegis units of scientific research and the Foundation „Scientia” are operating. AOSR is composed of 40 honorary members (2 of whom are members of the Romanian Academy), 133 full members (including 12 members of the Romanian Academy), and 65 corresponding members, selected on the basis of internationally recognised criteria of scientific and cultural visibility. It further includes 35 Romanians from the Diaspora and 62 foreign members, outstanding personalities of the international scientific life.
Throughout history, ASR included seven laureates, and AOSR, a Nobel Prize winner.
President: Professor Adrian BADEA, PhD.
Vice President: Engineer Ion BASGAN, PhD.
Vice President: Senior Researcher Doru-Sabin DELION, PhD.
Scientific Secretary: Senior Researcher Dan TIBA, PhD.
Honorary President General (r.) Professor Dr. Vasile CÂNDEA, PhD.
Writer and sociologist Dinu SĂRARU
Professor Vlad CONSTANTIN, PhD.
His Eminence Professor TEODOSIE, PhD. Archbishop of Tomis
General (r) Professor Constantin MINCU, PhD.
Specialised scientific departments:
Department I – Mathematical Sciences
Department II – Physical Sciences
Department III – Chemical Sciences
Department IV – Biological Sciences
Department V – Geonomic Sciences
Department VI – Technical Sciences
Department VII – Agricultural, Forestry Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Department VIII – Medical Sciences
Department IX – Economic, Legal and Sociological Sciences
Department X – Philosophy, Theology, Psychology and Journalism
Department XI – Historical and Archaeological
Department XII – Science and Information Technology
Department XIII – Military Sciences
Publications of AOSR
AOSR has a Publishing House which prints about 50 titles annually. Under its aegis operate scientific journals, among which the most important are:
Annals of the Academy of Romanian Scientists (11 bi-annual series):
1 Mathematics, 2-Physics, 3-Biology, 4-Technical Sciences, 5-Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine, 6-Medicine, 7-Economic, Legal and Sociological Sciences,
8-Philosophy, Theology and Psychology, 9-History and Archaeology,
10- Science and Information Technology, 11-Military Sciences
Yearbook of the Academy of Romanian Scientists
Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures (ISI impact factor = 1.092 in 2012)
Romanian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
International Journal of Medical Dentistry
International Journal of Communication Research
Journal of Physics EVRIKA